Proximal Humerus Fracture

The humerus is the upper arm bone. A fracture of the proximal humerus, the region closest to the shoulder joint, can affect your work and activities of daily living.

A proximal humerus fracture is a type of injury that occurs to the upper arm bone (humerus) near the shoulder joint. It is usually caused by a fall onto the arm or a direct impact to the shoulder. Symptoms can include pain, swelling, bruising, and difficulty moving the arm. Treatment options can range from non-surgical options such as immobilization in a sling to surgical options such as open reduction and internal fixation. The type of treatment recommended will depend on the type, location, and severity of the fracture. Physical therapy is often necessary to regain strength and range of motion in the affected arm.

The symptoms of a proximal humerus fracture can include:

  1. Pain: Severe pain in the shoulder and upper arm is a common symptom of a proximal humerus fracture.

  2. Swelling: The affected area may be swollen and tender to the touch.

  3. Bruising: Bruising may develop around the affected area.

  4. Difficulty moving the arm: People with a proximal humerus fracture may have difficulty moving or lifting the affected arm.

  5. Deformity: The shoulder may appear misshapen or deformed due to the broken bone.

  6. Limited range of motion: The range of motion in the shoulder may be limited.

It’s important to seek medical attention if you suspect a proximal humerus fracture. Your doctor can diagnose the injury through a physical examination and X-rays or other imaging tests.

Proximal humerus fractures are typically caused by trauma to the shoulder, such as:

  1. Falls: A fall onto an outstretched arm can result in a proximal humerus fracture.

  2. Direct impact: A direct blow to the shoulder can cause a proximal humerus fracture.

  3. Overuse: Repetitive overhead arm movements, such as those seen in throwing sports, can lead to stress fractures and eventually a proximal humerus fracture.

  4. Osteoporosis: People with osteoporosis have weaker bones and are at a higher risk of fractures, including proximal humerus fractures.

  5. Advanced age: As we age, our bones naturally weaken and become more prone to fractures.

It’s important to note that some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to weaker bones, which can increase the risk of proximal humerus fractures.


Frequently Asked Questions

The foot and ankle in the human body work together to provide balance, stability, movement, and propulsion.

Cubital Tunnel Syndrome is a condition characterized by compression of the ulnar nerve in an area of the elbow called the cubital tunnel.

The arm in the human body is made up of three bones that join together to form a hinge joint called the elbow. The upper arm bone or humerus connects from the shoulder to the elbow forming the top of the hinge joint. The lower arm or forearm consists of two bones, the radius and the ulna. These bones connect the wrist to the elbow forming the bottom portion of the hinge joint.



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